Brother Resistance

Glossary

Improve your understanding of music piracy and how it can affect the music that you love to play.

Arrangement

An arrangement is a modified work of music which is an original in its own right; the originality of the first composition can still be recognised but the arrangement is perceptible and the arranger’s signature is identifiable.

ADI

ADI or Area of Dominant Influence is the geographic area or market reached by a radio or television station. It is used by advertisers and rating companies to determine the potential audience of a station.

Broadcast

The replaying of pre-recorded works to multiple listeners through various media or in a 'semi-live' setting such as a bar or bookstore, and including radio, TV, web casting, podcasting, etc.

Copyright

Copyright is the exclusive right granted by law to the creator of original literary, artistic or musical works (or the creator's assignee such as a publisher) to do, authorize, or prohibit certain acts in relation to such works.

Dubbing ( Remixing)

This is the re-recording of a sound recording; it is illegal to re-record a sound recording without the permission of the copyright owner. You must have permission from the copyright owner (usually the record company) to dub or re-record, for example if you are going to sample or use the works in advertisements.The type of license required is called a master use license.

Free work

A work which may be freely used: i.e. no licence is required and no royalties are due. This applies in particular to works which are no longer protected by copyright because their author has been dead for over 50 years.

Intellectual Property Rights

Intellectual Property Rights protect the applications of ideas and creative expressions. This is achieved through the regulation of various types of intangible property, the most well-known being patents, trademarks, copyrights and trade secrets. This protection is given in order to foster innovation; creators are provided the opportunity of economic rewards and to recover investment through the grant of exclusive rights. The main rights granted are: Patents, Trade/Service Mark,
and Copyright and related rights.

License

The right, granted by the copyright holder, for a given person or entity to broadcast, recreate, perform, or listen to a recorded copy of a copyrighted work.

Mechanical Rights

A mechanical licence refers to permissions granted to mechanically reproduce music onto some type of media (e.g., cassette tape, CD, etc.) for public distribution. The mechanical royalty is paid to the songwriter, and publisher, based on the number of recordings sold.

Music Publisher

The music publisher is the person who will exploit the song. He/She will promote the song, promoting and helping to secure a record deal. The publisher will normally pay the writer an annual advance on account for future royalties but the writer is usually required to give the publisher an assignment of rights. This means that there has been a transfer of ownership of copyright to the publisher. This is legal transaction and consequently must be in writing.

Musical Arrangement

In popular music an arrangement is a setting of a piece of music, which may have been composed by the arranger or by someone else. Most commonly, this is a matter of providing instrumentation for the songwriter or composer’s basic melody and harmony. It may add details omitted by the composer, or it may replace those originally given and be merely based on the original work.

Performer

A musician who performs a composition, for example. The performer may also be the author.

Performance Rights

A performance-rights licence allows music to be performed live or broadcast. The performance royalty is paid to the songwriter and publisher when a song is performed live or on the radio.

Public - for the purpose of copyright licensing

A public performance of music is defined as any performance of music outside of the regular domestic environment and includes, for example, performances in hotels, restaurants, performances given to members of a club and the use of a radio in an office by staff. It does not matter if there is an admission fee or not but whether the performance is public.

Synchronization (“synch”) licence

The licensing of musical works to be synchronized with moving pictures as background in a motion picture, television program, video, DVD, etc. The synch license is generally a grant from the publisher or his/her representative which authorizes the utilization of the underlying musical work in combination with visual images such as in television programmes, motion pictures, videos and computer programmes.

Updates

    Machel and Kes the Band for the 2011 Soul Train Awards

    machelThe Soul Train Music Awards for 2011, have nominated both reigning Road March and Soca Monarch, Machel Montano, and Groovy Soca Monarch Kes Dieffenthaller of Kes the Band for the prestigious award in the category of Best Caribbean Performance with their hit singles, “Bend Over” and “Wotless”.

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